While Britain created the immortal Spitfire, Lancaster and Edgley Optica, it also created a wealth of dangerous, disgraceful and diabolical designs. Hughes awarded major contracts to BAC, including sub-systems for Intelsat satellites. [15] In the most detailed design, Mustard was to have weighed roughly 420 tonnes prior to launch, and been capable of delivering a three tonne payload to a geostationary earth orbit (GEO). Despite this, Rolls-Royce still had not disposed of its BAC shareholding when the business was declared to be bankrupt during 1971. Products usually known under the BAC name include: In addition BAC continued with the Bristol Bloodhound and English Electric Thunderbird surface-to-air missiles. [24][25] The AFVG was to be jointly developed by BAC and Dassault Aviation, while the proposed M45G turbofan engine to power the aircraft was to also be jointly developed by SNECMA and Bristol Siddeley. It is still flying to this day in some of them. In May, a "project definition phase" was commenced, concluding in early 1970. 1950s British fighter aircraft. Flag images indicative of country of origin. If you want something done slowly, expensively and possibly very well, you go to the British. ", Government owned from 1966 to liquidation. It was the second jet fighter to be operated by ... 21 more two-seaters and 13 single-seaters were supplied by South Africa in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In December 1967, Anthony Wedgwood Benn, the Minister of Technology, while reiterating his desire to see a merged BAC and HSA, admitted it would not be possible.[42]. Another … The parents still had significant aviation interests outside BAC. [35], In 1967, the British, French and German governments agreed to start development of the 300-seat Airbus A300. Described by Flight International as an "aviation icon" and "one of aerospace's most ambitious but commercially flawed projects",[9][10] sales of the type were lackluster against conventional subsonic airliners, primarily due to the emergence of wide-body aircraft, such as the Boeing 747, which made subsonic airliners significantly more efficient. Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. Aircraft manufacturer A.V. BAC in turn acquired the share capital of their aviation interests and 70% of Hunting several months later. [36] The British national airline British European Airways (BEA) was publicly interested in the type; during August 1970, BEA's chairman, Sir Anthony Milward, declared his personal optimism for the Three-Eleven. It was intended to satisfy a multitude of combat roles and became a staple of many European militaries. The Hurricane was a British single-seat fighter aircraft manufactured by Hawker Aircraft, Ltd., in the 1930s and ’40s. It functions equally as well as either an interceptor or a fighter-bomber. The YB-60 could fly 2,900 miles at a cruising speed of 467 miles per hour while lugging a 36 tons of bombs. GEC purchased EE and with it The Marconi Company and EE's shareholding in BAC, through its subsidiary EE Aircraft. The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL). One of the few Migs of the cold war that weren't very good. By August 1967, the success of the BAC 1–11 and defence sales to Saudi Arabia made the prospect of the parent companies selling their shares less likely. Email us or call us today at 1.309.346.3348 Site Sponsor On 21 November 1966, Fred Mulley, the Minister of Aviation, announced in the House of Commons that: ...the government had come to the conclusion that the national interest would best be served by a merger of the airframe interests of BAC and Hawker Siddeley into a single company. BAC also had a controlling interest in Hunting Aircraft. Jet technology was refined throughout the decade, providing the first-ever jet-versus-jet duel over the skies of Korea. [33] In the first half of the following year, BAC submitted its proposals for the production of two separate double-decker versions of the VC10, which was commonly referred to as the Super VC10; however, it was quickly recognised that the British government would be required substantial support for the initiative to succeed, involving "several tens of millions of pounds". The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960. One particularly high-profile incentive was the contract for a new large supersonic strike aircraft, which would become the BAC TSR-2. The number of British-designed aircraft types to see service with the Royal Air Force during its first century of flight is legion. There are a total of [ 32 ] individual aircraft entries in the Active Royal Air Force (Britain) Aircraft (2020) category in the Military Factory. [31][32] Dassault were less supportive of SEPECAT, preferring to promote its own aircraft; several potential customers for the Jaguar were convinced to order Dassault's Mirage series instead. [7], Prior to the merger, Bristol had eschewed the subsonic airliner market in favour of working on the Bristol 223 supersonic transport,[8] The effort continued under BAC and was eventually merged with similar efforts underway at the French aircraft company Sud Aviation, resulting in the Anglo-French Concorde. [35] BAC argued against the proposal in favour of their BAC Three-Eleven project, intended as a large wide-bodied airliner like the Airbus A300, Douglas DC-10 and Lockheed TriStar. Internally, the business had two divisions – the Aircraft Division under Sir George Edwards and the Guided Weapons Division under Viscount Caldecote. During the early 1960s, the Saudi Arabian government announced its intention to launch a massive defence acquisition programme involving the replacement of the country's fighter aircraft and the establishment of an advanced air defence and communications network. [N 1][27], During May 1966, BAC and Breguet formally created SEPECAT, a joint venture company, to develop, market, and produce the Anglo-French Jaguar strike fighter. [36] On 2 December 1970, Frederick Corfield, the Minister for Aviation Supply, announced in the House of Commons that there would be no official backing from the government for the Three-Eleven programme.[36]. During the 1960s, VTOL jet-powered flight was operationally achieved with the arrival of the British Harrier while other technologies continually evolved to new heights. See more ideas about Fighter jets, Military aircraft, British aircraft. Two aircraft designs resulted: the single-seat Panavia 100 and the twin-seat Panavia 200. There are a total of [ 146 ] Aircraft from 1960 to 1969entries in the Military Factory. The three governments signed the contract for Batch 1 of the aircraft on 29 July 1976. Continue Scrolling to See Additional Entries. Named after a bird of prey, it was originally developed by British manufacturer Hawker Siddeley in the 1960s. The first of the Jaguar's eight prototypes flew on 8 September 1968. [37], BAC, with the Lightning/Strikemaster contract; British Aerospace, with the Al Yamamah contracts; and most recently BAE Systems, with the order for Typhoon multi-role fighters, have all benefited from massive arms contracts with Saudi Arabia.[38][39][40]. Although BAC's parent companies were prepared to sell their shares for a reasonable price, the government proposal, in their view, undervalued the group. In 1964 the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) designed a hypersonic aircraft capable of flight at five times the speed of sound, nicknamed MUSTARD … Another American aircraft, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather long-range supersonic jet aircraft. [6], The majority of BAC's aircraft designs had been inherited from the individual companies that formed it. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). See more ideas about aviation, fighter jets, military aircraft. British de Havilland D.H. 106 Comets and Soviet Tupolev Tu-104s had entered service earlier. "Short Cut to Suicide. Oct 23, 2013 - The golden years of British aviation. [15] The knowledge and expertise developed on this project was subsequently harnessed on later efforts, most prominently the re-useable HOTOL spaceplane project of the 1980s. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). BAC in turn acquired the share capital of their aviation interests and 70% of Hunting several months later. South Africa Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. ", "BAE confirms £5bn Eurofighter sale to Saudi Arabia", "BAE clinches new £2.5bn Tornado deal with Saudis", Port Victoria Marine Experimental Aircraft Depot, Defence Electronics and Components Agency, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=British_Aircraft_Corporation&oldid=987575062, Defunct aircraft manufacturers of the United Kingdom, Defunct helicopter manufacturers of the United Kingdom, Former defence companies of the United Kingdom, Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 1960, Vehicle manufacturing companies disestablished in 1977, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2019, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, BAC / Hunting Jet Provost – military jet trainer, Hill, C.N. On 26 March 1969, Panavia Aircraft GmbH was formed by BAC, MBB, Fiat and Fokker. This new group was established as a statutory corporation, British Aerospace (BAe). Britain then turned to a national project, the UK Variable Geometry (UKVG), for which BAC Warton was given a design contract by the Ministry of Technology. The Panavia Tornado is a fighter jet created from a collaborative effort between the UK, West Germany, and Italy in the 1970s. There are a total of [ 104 ] British X-Plane Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. National Airlines soon began domestic jet service using a 707 borrowed from Pan Am. According to author Nigel Henbest, Britain was likely unable to pursue Mustard's development alone, but suggested organising a multinational European venture, similar to the conventional Europa and Ariane launchers. This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 23:07. The logo was adopted by, Timeline of British aerospace companies since 1955, Dorell, David, ed. American Airlines opened domestic jet service with its own 707s in January 1959. The de Havilland Vampire is a British jet fighter which was developed and manufactured by the de Havilland Aircraft Company. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. [22][23], On 17 May 1965, the British and French governments announced the signing of a pair of agreements to cover the two joint projects; one based on the French aircraft company Breguet Aviation Br.121 ECAT ("Tactical Combat Support Trainer") proposal; this would evolve into the SEPECAT Jaguar. [1] Its head office was on the top floors of the 100 Pall Mall building in the City of Westminster, London. BAC was involved in uncrewed spacecraft, principally satellites, British Aircraft Corporation logo. Purchased rights for various Beagle and Handley-Page designs from the liquidator. [20][21] The TSR-2's last minute termination has been widely viewed as a major blow not only to BAC but the wider British aircraft industry. The main contract was signed in 1966 for forty Lightnings and twenty-five (ultimately forty) Strikemasters. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. BAC and subsequently British Aerospace (BAe) would deliver 228 Tornado GR1s and 152 Tornado F3s to the RAF. BAC comprised the aviation interests of the companies that formed it, and wholly owned Hunting Aircraft. The British Aircraft Corporation TSR-2 was a cancelled Cold War strike and reconnaissance aircraft developed by the British Aircraft Corporation for the Royal Air Force in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Tally-ho, chocks away, and jolly good show: The UK’s new Tempest fighter jet will be a decidedly British affair. Like the One-Eleven, it would have carried two Rolls-Royce turbofan engines, mounted near the tail, but have been able to accommodate up to 245 passengers seated in an eight abreast configuration at a 34-inch pitch (or up to 300 passengers at a 30-inch pitch). Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The TSR-2 was designed to penetrate a well-defended forward battle area at low altitudes and very high speeds, and then attack high-value targets in the rear with nuclear or conventional weapons. The Sopwith team built 3,600 aircraft of 32 types in Canbury Park Road and, in total, 15,000 aircraft they designed were built across the country for World War One (20% of all the aircraft built for the British forces) with the Sopwith Camel probably being the most famous aircraft of the era. [4] Furthermore, the government also promised incentives to motivate such restructuring; the maintenance of government research and development spending and the guarantee of aid in launching "promising new types of civil aircraft". There are a total of [ 210 ] Aircraft from 1950 to 1959 entries in the Military Factory. [14], BAC had inherited the aerospace activities of several companies via its formation, and research into various space-related ventures continued at the new entity. Dive bombing in Vietnam. Single-Seat Jet-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Aircraft, Lightweight Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Combat Aircraft, Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Ground Attack Aircraft, Light Attack / Observation and Control Aircraft, Trainer / Liaison / Light Transport Aircraft, Supersonic Delta-Winged Jet-Powered Medium Bomber, Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Demonstrator, Carrier-Based Reconnaissance / Strike-Fighter Aircraft, Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft, Technology Demonstrator / Swing-Wing Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft, Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Fighter Prototype Aircraft, Supersonic Strategic Heavy Bomber Aircraft, Attack Aircraft / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Maritime Patrol / Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Aircraft, Civilian-Military Transport / Light Utility Aircraft, Tactical Support / Ground Attack Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Jet-Powered Interceptor Prototype Aircraft, Single-Seat Supersonic Interceptor Aircraft, Gunship / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft, Swing-Wing Trainer / Light Strike Proposal, Swing-Wing Trainer / Light Strike Aircraft Proposal, Long-Range Strategic Medium Bomber / Tactical Strike Aircraft, Carrierborne All-Weather Heavy Strike Aircraft, Carrier-Borne Electronic Warfare Aircraft (EWA), Intermediate-Advanced Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft, VTOL Strike / Reconnaissance / Trainer Aircraft, Special Mission ELectronic signals INTelligence (ELINT) Aircraft, Ship-based Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Helicopter, Anti-Submarine Warfare / Maritime Patrol Aircraft, High-Altitude Strategic Reconnaissance Stealth Aircraft, Two-Seat Dedicated Attack Helicopter Prototype, High-Altitude, High-Speed Reconnaissance Drone, Lockheed HC-130 Hercules / Super Hercules, Long-Range Surveillance / Search and Rescue (SAR) Aircraft, Lockheed Martin KC-130 Hercules / Super Hercules, Land-Based Long-Range Maritime Patrol / Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Aircraft, High-Altitude, High-Speed Reconnaissance Aircraft, High-Altitude, High-Speed Interceptor Aircraft, Vertical / Short Take-Off and Landing (V/STOL) Experimental Aircraft, All-Weather Dedicated Interceptor Aircraft, McDonnell Douglas C-9 (Nightingale / Skytrain II), Multirole / Carrierbased Fighter / Strike Fighter Aircraft, Mikoyan-Gurevich Ye-8 (Fishbed) / (MiG-23), Heavy-Lift Transport Helicopter Prototype, Military / Civilian VIP Passenger Transport, Nuclear Attack Bomber / Reconnaissance Platform, Observation / Light Attack / Close-Air Support (CAS) Aircraft, Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter / Tiger / Tiger II, Single-Seat Lightweight Multirole Aircraft, All-Weather Airborne Command and Control (ACC) / Battle Space Management Aircraft, Supersonic Jet-Powered Advanced Training Aircraft, Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Strike Aircraft, Supersonic Strike Fighter / Interceptor Aircraft, Jet-Powered Interceptor / Fighter Aircraft, Military / Civilian Utility Transport Aircraft, Sikorsky CH-54 Tarhe / Erickson S-64 Skycrane, Heavy-Lift Cargo / Firefighting Helicopter, Amphibious Medium-Lift Search and Rescue (SAR) Helicopter, Two-Seat Jet Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft, Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Tactical Bomber Proposal, SIGnals INTelligence (SIGINT) Disposable Reconnaissance Drone, Narrow-Body Passenger Airliner / Aerial Refueling Tanker, Two-Seat, Jet-Powered Advanced Trainer Aircraft Prototype, Experimental Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Aircraft. The British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) was a British aircraft manufacturer formed from the government-pressured merger of English Electric Aviation Ltd., Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft), the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Hunting Aircraft in 1960. Instead, it was carved off by Sir George White, whose family had founded the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company in 1910 (later the Bristol Aeroplane Company). There are a total of [ 161 ] WW2 British Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [25] However, during June 1967, the French government announced its withdrawal from the AFVG effort ostensibly on the grounds of cost. [17][15], Development of the TSR-2 was one of the company's most high-profile endeavours. These studies eventually became known as the BAC Advanced Combat Aircraft programme. The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984. Overall spending by the RSAF was over £1 billion GBP. On 30 October 1974, the first British prototype (the second to fly) took off from the BAC airfield at Warton. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. British fighter aircraft by decade of first flight 1910s • 1920s • 1930s • 1940s • 1950s • 1960s • 1970s • 1980s • 1990s • 2000s • 2010s • 2020s. In 1973, the Saudi government signed an agreement with the British government which specified BAC as the contractor for all parts of the defence system (AEI was previously contracted to supply the radar equipment and Airwork Services provided servicing and training). Roe and Company (Avro) designed the Vulcan in response to Specification B.35/46. Return to the Modern Aircraft Index. [4], Accordingly, during 1960, BAC was created as a jointly-owned corporation by Vickers, English Electric and Bristol. Akin to BAC, the Hawker Siddeley Group was expanded by merger, while engine design and manufacturing was concentrated at Rolls-Royce and the newly formed Bristol-Siddeley Engines. The English Electric Lightning is a British fighter aircraft that served as an interceptor during the 1960s, the 1970s and into the late 1980s. By this point, the programme was already in the prototype phase and the aircraft had already flown, but political pressure forced development work to cease, leading to the remaining airframes and most supporting equipment and documentation to be destroyed. The North American FJ-1 Fury was the first operational jet aircraft in United States Navy service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135. [36] However, Britain's potential Common Market partners warned that, since the Three-Eleven would directly compete against the European Airbus, around which they had largely coalesced, the project effectively undermined British loyalty to the EEC which, at this point, the British government was interested in joining. These are just ten plucked from a shortlist of thirty. Delta and United began flying DC-8s later that year. The ownership of BAC would thus give the government a minority stake in the new company. By 1964, BAC conducted demonstration flights of their Lightning in Riyadh and, in 1965, Saudi Arabia signed a letter of intent to purchase Lightning and Strikemaster aircraft as well as Thunderbird surface-to-air missiles. English Electric Aircraft, a subsidiary of the English Electric Company. Advanced Jet Trainer / Light Attack Aircraft, Trainer / Light Strike Jet-Powered Aircraft, Twin-Turboprop Military Transport Aircraft, Civilian / Military Twin-Boom Transport Aircraft, Dedicated Two-Seat, Single-Engine Strike Aircraft, Long-range Maritime Patrol / Anti-Submarine Aircraft, Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Supersonic Multirole Aircraft Proposal, Light Armed Scout Helicopter Demonstrator, Medium-Lift Utility / Transport Helicopter, Bell Model 533 (High Performance Helicopter), Armed Scout and Reconnaissance / Light Attack Helicopter, Maritime Patrol / Reconnaissance Flying Boat, Carrierborne Low-Altitude Strike Aircraft, Short-to-Medium Range Passenger Airliner / Freighter Aircraft, Medium-Lift, Tandem Rotor Transport Helicopter, Multi-Role, Multi-Mission Reconnaissance Aircraft. The first of two prototypes took off on its inaugural flight in April 1952. The 20% share was eventually acquired from receivership by Vickers and GEC, who had acquired English Electric during 1968. This business remains operational today as Bristol Cars. [19] During April 1965, the British government announced that it had decided to withdraw its order for the TSR-2, leaving it without an established customer. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. "A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950–1971. The de Havilland DH.110 Sea Vixen is a British twin-engine, twin boom-tailed, two-seat, carrier-based fleet air-defence fighter flown by the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm during the 1950s through to the early 1970s. Category page. [5], Upon the formation of BAC, the Bristol Aeroplane Company (Car Division) was not included in the consolidation. The RAF favoured the 200, as did Germany after its initial enthusiasms for the 100. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Scheduled services commenced on 21 January 1976 on both the London–Bahrain and Paris–Rio de Janeiro routes. Internally it had two division… We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Its head office was on the top floors of the 100 Pall Mall [30] SEPECAT received various export orders for the Jaguar, overseas nations that flew the type included India, Ecuador, Nigeria and Oman. US Navy. [41], The government envisaged acquiring BAC's capital and merging it with Hawker Siddeley. The Jaguar programme ultimately took the place of several earlier efforts, including the AFVG. [13], In 1963, BAC acquired the previously autonomous guided weapons divisions of English Electric and Bristol to form a new subsidiary, British Aircraft Corporation (Guided Weapons). There are a total of [ 238 ] Aircraft from 1930 to 1939 entries in the Military Factory. VF-21 1956 - 1963 Nov 10, 2019 - Explore Paul McDougall-Preece's board "Early British Jets" on Pinterest. Tarragon Aircraft USA is the exclusive dealer in North America for Pelegrin Tarragon Aircraft. The de Havilland DH.106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.Developed and manufactured by de Havilland at its Hatfield Aerodrome in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, the Comet 1 prototype first flew in 1949.It featured an aerodynamically clean design with four de Havilland Ghost turbojet engines buried in the wing roots, a pressurised cabin, and large square windows. However, as the programme proceeded, continuous cost rises were incurred,[18] while inter-service rivalry led to frequent challenges of its necessity. These jets, turboprops or piston airplanes may have previously served in one of the world’s air forces or navies, as a commercial airline several decades ago, or been a popular Business or General Aviation model that was mass-produced between the 1920s and 1960s (for example). The new corporation was jointly owned by Vickers, English Electric and Bristol. Johns. [34] According to aviation author Derek Wood, the enlarged double-decker, which was to be equipped with the proposed Rolls-Royce RB178 turbofan engine, would have had good commercial prospects, yet financing for the programme was not forthcoming and the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) has ultimately opted to procure the rival Boeing 747 instead. The first model to bear the BAC name was the BAC One-Eleven (BAC 1–11), a Hunting Aircraft study, in 1961. Originally developed for the United States Navy for carrier duty, the F-4 Phantom II saw a lot of action during the Vietnam War. In defining 'worst'- we've looked for one,… English Electric had Napier & Son aero-engines, Bristol had 50% of Bristol Aerojet and Bristol Siddeley engines and smaller investments in Westland and Short Brothers & Harland. BAC did not apply its new identity retrospectively, hence the VC10 remained the Vickers VC10. All manner of British-borne or assisted experimental and conceptual aircraft are included in … During 1966, Rolls-Royce acquired Bristol Aeroplane from BAC, integrating the firm into its Bristol Siddeley aero-engine business, but declared it had no interest in the BAC shareholding. The Hurricane was numerically the most important British fighter during the critical early stages of World War II, sharing victory laurels with the Supermarine Spitfire in the Battle of Britain (1940–41) and the defense of Malta (1941–42). [2][3], BAC's origins can be traced to a statement issued by the British government that it expected the various companies involved in the aircraft, guided weapons and engine industries to consolidate and merge with one another. For most of its history, BAC was the subject of rumour and speculation that it was to merge with Hawker Siddeley Aviation (HSA). There are a total of [ 198 ] Cold War British Aircraft (1947-1991) entries in the Military Factory. BAC eventually expanded this division to include electronics and space systems and, in 1966, started what was to become a particularly fruitful relationship with Hughes Aircraft. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. The Harrier emerged as the only truly successful V/STOL design of the many attempted during that era. In 1968, Britain was invited to join Canada and the F-104 Consortium (a grouping of Germany, Italy, Belgium and the Netherlands), all of whom wished to replace their current aircraft with a common design, subsequently described as the Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MRCA). Many aircraft types have served in the British Royal Air Force since its formation in April … Bristol, English Electric and Vickers became "parents" of BAC with shareholdings of 20%, 40% and 40% respectively. List of WWII and Modern Aircraft Camouflage colors based on official documentation Oficial Name Model Air Name Ref. American companies seemed guaranteed to win much of this work, however, the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) would ultimately be supplied with large amounts of British-made aircraft and equipment to fulfill their needs. Given the numerous government contract cancellations during the 1960s, the BAC 1–11, which had been launched as a private venture, probably saved the company. It remains the only UK-designed-and-built fighter capable of Mach 2.The Lightning was designed, developed, and manufactured by English Electric, which was later absorbed by the newly-formed British Aircraft Corporation. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The aircraft operations of the three parents were now subsidiaries of BAC; "Bristol Aircraft Ltd", "English Electric Aviation Ltd" (with Viscount Caldecote as general manager) and "Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd" (under Sir George Edwards). Unlike the Mig-21, the 23 was incredibly expensive and many… Aircraft Origin Role No used Notes Saab Gripen C and D Sweden Sweden: Multirole fighter 17 and 9 British Aerospace Hawk Mk.120 United Kingdom/. BAC was formed following a warning from government that it expected consolidation in the aircraft, guided weapons and engine industries. In September 1971, the governments of Britain, Italy and Germany signed an Intention to Proceed (ITP) with the Panavia Tornado. The company enjoyed some success, including development of the Rapier, Sea Skua and Sea Wolf missiles. [11] While by March 1969, the consortium had arrangements totalling 74 options from 16 airlines,[12] only two airlines, Air France and the British Overseas Airways Corporation, would proceed with their orders. Helicopter development was given to Westland Helicopters. Instead the company applied its name to marketing initiatives, the VC10 advertising carried the name "Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Limited, a member company of the British Aircraft Corporation". [15] One of BAC's research teams, headed by engineer Tom Smith, Chief of the Aerospace Department at BAC,[16] that was initially investigating supersonic and hypersonic flight problems, became interested in the application of such a vehicle for space-related activities, leading to the BAC Mustard, a reusable launch system that comprised several near-identical winged vehicles. On 29 April 1977, BAC, the Hawker Siddeley Group and Scottish Aviation were nationalised and merged under the provisions of Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Act 1977. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Impressive, but not as impressive as the performance of the YB-60’s most direct competitor, Boeing’s B-52. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. The AFVG and its dual role. Navy for carrier duty, the F-4 Phantom II saw a lot action! This day in some of them Aircraft manufactured by the de Havilland Aircraft Company stake in the 1960s logo... - Explore Paul McDougall-Preece 's board `` Early British jets '' on Pinterest, chocks away, and good! 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[ 6 ], in 1967, the F-4 Phantom II is a British fighter!