Our street was next and there was a great THUD — it’s difficult to describe — the feeling goes right up through your feet, THUMP and Dad pushed me into the corner and sort of fell over me to protect me, but he’d pushed me onto the electric fire and I shouted “Daddy my bottom’s burning!” So he quickly grasped me ….and they went right across…there was an awful lot of action. 317 (Middlesex) AA Company at Hendon The Commanding Officer (CO) of the Kent & Middlesex Group (and later the 29th (Kent) Bat… It was quite exciting…the excitment began to wear off in March 1940 when Scarborough had its first blitz. The Hull Blitz was the bombing campaign that targeted the English port city of Kingston upon Hull by the German Luftwaffe during the Second World War. It was very sad. They had all sorts of double meanings which of course went completely over our heads as children. those of the BBC. So if you go to Scarborough today and go along that avenue behind the park, that hotel is now called Lysander, because that’s what his aeroplane was called. During two raids in May 1941, more than 400 people were killed in the East Yorkshire port. So when it sort of calmed down a bit, Dad went upstairs to the top windows where you got a good view and when he came back he said “Lass” — he was a broad Yorkshireman — he said: “Lass, I think the school’s on fire”. Horrendous damage befell large areas of Scarborough on 18 March 1941. We were all very exhausted at the end of the war, but we survived. Browse and search all obituaries recently posted on OBITUARe.com. And dad was always bringing soldiers home and some Americans came once and you met all sorts of interesting people you wouldn’t otherwise have seen. 1941 Petersfield by-election; 1941 Scarborough and Whitby by-election; 1941 South Dorset by-election; 1941 West Bromwich by-election; 1941 West Dorset by-election; B. Barrow Blitz; Basque Republic; 1941 Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election; C. Coventry Blitz; E. SS English Trader; H. 1941 … Five cottages were badly damaged. And he’d made bunks and he’d stuck magazine pictures on the wall and put a little electric fire….so when the warning went I’d be taken out of bed and carried down into the cellar and the people next door — we’d knocked a hole in the wall — and the people next door came through. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not 28 civilians and military people were killed and many hundreds injured. Search for your loved one by country, state and city. It was to be a very sustained bombing raid. More on this story can be read at : http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/04/a1975304.shtml, See our photo gallery at : http://www.scarboroughsmaritimeheritage.org.uk/wargallery.html, 45 Eastborough, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, YO11 1NH, England. At first, the German Blitzkrieg seemed to succeed. Some were delayed action bombs that went off later. This story has been placed in the following categories. Air Raid Precautions (ARP) refers to a number of organisations and guidelines in the United Kingdom dedicated to the protection of civilians from the danger of air raids. The Scarborough News - 2016-03-17 - Front Page - by Steve Bam­bridge steve.bam­bridge@jpress.co.uk news­desk@jpress.co.uk. This raid became known as the “March Blitz” and an eye witness wrote that “Jerry’ decided to offer Scarborough … sunk by torpedo, 19 August 1941: General characteristics ; Tonnage: 3,255 GRT; tonnage under deck 2,162; 1,855 NRT; Length: 315.3 ft (96.1 m) Beam: 44.2 ft (13.5 m) Draught: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m) Depth: 18.5 ft (5.6 m) Decks: two: Installed power: 395 NHP: Propulsion: 3-cylinder triple-expansion engine; single screw; Speed: 12.5 knots (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph) referenced. There were over 20 air raids on Scarborough, mostly in 1940 and 1941. Heaviest raids The majority of air raids on the city took place during 1940 and 1941. Burniston. 314 (Kent) AA Company at Southborough, later Tonbridge 4. The Conservative candidate was Alexander Spearman, who had formerly contested Mansfield and Gorton unsuccessfully. So that was a near miss, and during the bombing of Scarborough our house was missed by nine houses. The Hobbs Funeral Home is an independent, family-owned funeral home and cremation service, serving the South Portland and Scarborough, Maine area since 1941. People joked and laughed..we listened to ITMAR on the radio..and we had all these catch phrases “can I do you now sir?” Mrs. Mop. This day we’d gone down to the park with our picnic and gone over the little bridge onto the top of the island and playing our usual games when suddenly I saw this plane, this English RAF plane and it was coming very low, right over our heads and I could see it was going to crash so I said to the rest of the gang “Duck!”, but just as I was about to duck the plane crashed and all the bits of aeroplane flew up into the sky and the pilot and the navigator were killed. It had got the full lot, it had gone up, the school — it wasn’t touched. Clausewitz proposed the “concentration principle,” the idea that concentrating forces against an enemy, and making a single blow against a carefully chosen target (the Schwerpunkt, or “center of gravity”) was more effective than dispersing those forces. The Aguila was a British steam ship that carried fruit, cargo and passengers. But it was very disappointing because what had happened was…there was Dennis’s Printers next door to the school…it printed seaside postcards, Christmas cards etc. The moon was full and the Thames had a very low ebb tide. Below are four examples. It was quite exciting…the excitment began to wear off in March 1940 when Scarborough had its first blitz. I mean all sorts of awful things were happening, but there was nothing a good cup of tea couldn’t put right. And when the Luftwaffe launched its fiercest attack on Scarborough in March 1941, the air marshal obeyed his orders. Unlimited Death Records Searches and Reports Your membership includes as many death records searches and death records reports as you can run. Government consideration for air raid precautions increased in the 1920s and 30s, with the Raid Wardens' Service set up in 1937 to report on bombing incidents. The most concentrated attacks were on the nights of 7/8 and 8/9 May 1941, resulting in just under 400 deaths, and another large-scale attack took place … 28 civilians and military people were killed and many hundreds injured. 10 th October 1940. Three houses were demolished up the road and the people in the houses killed. 98 German planes dropped high explosive parachute mines on the town around 9pm. And it was quite cosy, it was fun. The Blitz, during which Nazi Germany bombed London and other English cities in nighttime raids, lasted from Sept. 7, 1940, to May 1941. On the night of 18th March 1941, 'Jerry' decided to offer Scarborough a chance of 'redevelopment'. This week marks the 75th an­niver­sary of the night known as The Scar­bor­ough Blitz, the worst wartime air raid to hit the town. The Blitz began on the 17th September and spanned almost a year, until the late summer of 1941. During Wold War II, Scarborough was a target of German attacks. So I started running down the hill my gas mask was banging on my side and I got to the main crossroads and I looked to the left and I saw this aeroplane… I didn’t know but it was a Meserchmidt …it was very, very low…I could see the black cross. Blitz 1941 Scarborough Blitz 18th March 1941 1378 buildings were damaged or destroyed - Scarborough's worst air raid of WW2. In … This page has been archived and is no longer updated. 'Lest we forget' In memory of 12 Scarborough based WRNS killed at sea in 1941. The school was on the top…up our road, across the main bus route into town, and up hill to the school on the top. On September 7, 1940, 300 German bombers raid London, in the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing. Kent & Middlesex Group Anti-Aircraft Searchlight Companies: 1. Well just as we had got our coats on and were going on the siren started…which gives you a horrible feeling at the bottom of your tummy. Frank Cook, from Saltburn, donated to us a hand drawn picture of the SS Aguila that was sunk by torpedo in August 1941. Blitzkrieg, which means “lightning war” in German, had its roots in earlier military strategy, including the influential work of the 19th-century Prussian general Carl von Clausewitz. There had been a dance planned for that night where many Scarborians and military alike would have attended. We have further information in our archive. On 10 October 1940, shortly before 9.00 p.m., a single enemy aircraft flew over the South Bay. Easy and Affordable Death Records Access. Down at the bottom of the road there’s a beautiful park called Peaseholm Park, laid out like a Willow Pattern plate with a lake, an island, a bridge and a pagoda and a waterfall. This contribution was submitted by Pat Fleming to the People's War team in Wales and is added to the site with her permission. The Blitz is most commonly associated with London but was inflicted on many other towns and cities around the country. It was also a very bizarre period of time as many things that would normally be quite drastic and In all 1,200 were killed, 3,000 injured and more than 150,000 were … On 18 March 1941, Scarborough suffered its worst air raid, which became known as the ‘March Blitz'. Cambridge Core - Archaeology of Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and The Pacific - The Precolonial State in West Africa - by J. Cameron Monroe For two hours, 348 German bombers and 617 fighters targeted the city, dropping high-explosive bombs as well as incendiary devices. I have a diary at home that I kept from the age of eight and I’ve said: “It was very sad I felt sorry for the boys and I prayed for them”. Between 8pm and about 10.30pm, over 1,000 incendiary bombs and 55 high-explosive parachute mines were dropped on the town by the Luftwaffe. The U-boat U-17 was sent to reconnoitre coastal … Yugoslavia (April 1941) Greece (April 1941) Germany did not defeat Great Britain, which was protected from German ground attack by the English Channel and the Royal Navy. © Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. With it being a tall Victorian house we had a cellar and the cupboard under the stairs was in the living room and my father used to pick up two boards and we had to get down a ladder and he’d built a sort of hut in the corner of the cellar and — I thought it was rather clever — he’d made a notice saying Foxes retreat — because our name was Fox. Various shots of blazing buildings at night. And the streets — being Victorian — were in parallel and first all BOMB they knocked down a boarding house the other side of Scarborough Cricket Field and killed a lot of servicemen. Now whether by chance or whether the Germans knew about the soldiers billeted there I don‟t know but on the night of the Blitz (18 March, 1941) a landmine scored a direct hit on the school. Contemplating with dread the slide toward war between Japan and the United States in the autumn of 1941, Joseph Grew, the American ambassador to Tokyo, noted gloomily in his diary: “ Facilis descensus averni est ”—the descent into Hell is easy. Also he’d knocked a little square in the wall into the yard and put a little shuttered door….I’m not sure if that was for air or to shout if the house fell on top of us, but I always remember this little peepy hole. Mum had … The first attack on the Scarborough area took place on June 26 1940 when the village of Burniston was hit in a night-time raid. It inflicted the highest number of casualties of any single night raid of the London Blitz: 1,436 Londoners killed and over 2,000 others seriously injured. For any other comments, please Contact Us. Scarborough did fairly well because it wasn’t an industrial town. And the Americans gave me a pile of American comics — now that was something! During the heaviest raids on 7/8 May and 8/9 May 1941, … Only days later, Scarborough suffered its worst air raid, March 18th 1941. The Blitz began at about 4:00 in the afternoon on September 7, 1940, when German planes appeared over London. 313 (Kent) AA Company at Marine School, Chatham 3. The Blitz - The Hardest Night 10/11 May 1941, 11:02pm - 05:57am The most devastating raid on London took place on the night of 10/11 May 1941. The night of 10-11 May 1941 marked the last major raid of the Blitz. He didn’t crash into the hotels, because there was a lot of grass around about and he crashed into the grass. From 1941, women were called up for war work, in roles such as as mechanics, engineers, munitions workers, air raid wardens, bus and fire engine drivers. And next day when we went out into the streets…the smell of burning charred paper, because all of the streets were covered with these papers, burnt picture postcards blowing around…and when we got to the school we were very pleased because the teacher told us to go back home again! 98 German planes dropped high explosive parachute mines on the town around 9pm. This bombing “ blitzkrieg ” (lightning war) would continue until May 1941. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any external sites This was a wonderful place for children to play..we only had backyards but we had all this facility. Ninety-eight planes flew over … We have further information in our archive. Later, guided by the raging fires caused by the first attack, a second group of planes began another assault that lasted until 4:30 the following morning. The first hostilities were against trawlers fishing off the coast. We provide you with lots of detailed and easy to access information about arrests and other criminal records. public. Scarborough Blitz 18th March 1941. Title reads: "London's Biggest Blitz".L/S of flares falling to ground at night. The regiment had its origins in a group of Independent Air Defence Companies of the Royal Engineers formed in the Home counties by the Territorial Army during 1924. THE BLITZ 1940-1941 H 5598. A Union Flag hangs defiantly from a building in the aftermath of the air raid which devastated the centre of Coventry on the night of 14/15 November 1940 ........................................................ © SCARBOROUGH MARITIME HERITAGE CENTRE LIMITED, Gallery - Boats Registered in other ports, http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/04/a1975304.shtml, http://www.scarboroughsmaritimeheritage.org.uk/wargallery.html. Anyway this night the planes came over in a drove. The Scarborough and Whitby by-election of 1941 was held on 24 September 1941. Find out how you can use this. In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site's House Rules, please click here. It turned out that his mother had a hotel there and he was showing off to his mother and came down too low. Most of the content on this site is created by our users, who are members of the Despite the continuing war with Great Britain, German forces invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941. But this night they sent a whole pack of bombers over. The Blitz was a period of time in which the government set out strict regulations for the British people to follow in order to ensure their safety. Some were delayed action bombs that went off later. I really felt sorry for them. The by-election was caused by the resignation of the incumbent Conservative MP, Paul Latham, who had been charged with indecency. 1378 buildings were damaged or destroyed - Scarborough's worst air raid of WW2. During the first eight months of the Blitz over 1,000 high explosive bombs, 55 heavy oil canister fire bombs, 11 parachute mines, and thousands of incendiaries fell over Westminster. Scarborough did fairly well because it … Our highly trained staff will make appropriate, meaningful arrangements for every religious background and our philosophy is to guide families in a caring, understanding, and personalized way. It was good the way people helped each other…and the spirit. Large-scale attacks took place on several nights throughout March 1941, resulting in over 200 deaths. HQ at Marine School, Chatham 2. 98 German planes dropped high explosive parachute mines on the town around 9pm. On March 1941 Scarborough was heavily bombed which resulted in substantial damage and deaths.On that evening my mother and I took shelter in a Morrison cage in my Grandmothers house which was attached to our own house which took a direct hit and completely destroyed.There I no doubt that the shelter saved the lives of myself and mother. On 16 November, Rear Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron, persuaded his superior, Admiral Friedrich von Ingenohl, to ask the Kaiser for permission to conduct another raid. Some were delayed action bombs tha... Harbour Records in WW2 It came over my head and after he passed me he started machine gunning, so I ran on home and I missed by inches the postman on his bike along the road…he was killed. 1378 buildings were damaged or destroyed - Scarborough's worst air raid of WW2. Things were happening, but we survived invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 in May 1941 the. 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