As a result, she no longer studies at home. Created by. It is said to "_" for the behavior. -A rat was rewarded with a food pellet for pressing a lever. Laura did not understand the reason for Trish's silence and initially (increased/decreased) _ the frequency with which she attempted to talk to Laura. (A) VI 20-sec, (B) VT 20-sec, (C) FT 20-sec, (D) FI 20-sec, (E) none of the preceding. The consequence is that she gets a fish. Behaviors that are performed for their own sake are said to be _ motivated; behaviors that are performed to achieve some additional incentive are said to be _ motivated. A pigeon pecks a green key on a VR 9 schedule, then a red key on an FI 20-. PLAY. The three-term contingency can be thought of as an ABC sequence in which A stands for _, B stands for _, and C stands for _. successive (or gradual) approximations; shaping. D) operant conditioning. A Word From Verywell . Super resource. C) observational learning. Shawna often goes for a walk through the woods, but she rarely does yardwork. More persistent is to less persistent as (high/low) _ resistance to extinction is to _ resistance to extinction. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon the first response after a varying interval of time. It was rewarded after pressing the lever 4, 12, 9, and 7 times. He noticed that his dogs salivated whenever he entered the room to feed them. Reinforcers and punishers are defined entirely by their _ on behavior. Search. According to the _ effect, we would expect her to be most interested in meeting someone (as educated as /more educated than) _ David. Flashcards . Operant Conditioning. Then, periodically throughout the day, she holds up the flag for a few minutes and lets the children run around like crazy. Of the four basic schedules, Jason's behavior of asking Neem for a date is most likely on a _ schedule of reinforcement. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon the first response after a fixed period of time. One problem with spanking a child for spilling food is that the spanking will likely elicit a strong _ response that will temporarily prevent the child from eating appropriately. According to the _, walking through the woods could still be used as a reinforcer for yardwork given that one restricts the frequency of walking to _ its _ level. "If I'm not a success in every aspect of my life, my family will reject me." This quiz is incomplete! Definition. Gina often goes for a walk through the woods, and even more often she does yardwork. To train this chain of behaviors, one should start with _. Neem accepts Jason's invitation for a date only when he has just been paid his monthly salary. Operant Conditioning: Operant Conditioning takes place with the involvement of two major concepts including reinforcements and punishments following the behavior which will result in either an increase or decrease of the acquired behavior. This produces a _ rate of response. Contrast reinforcement and punishment. Browse. _ (Think carefully about this.). A type of learning we learn to associate two stimuli and antic…. She even asked Trish if she would like to go to the local video arcade, which had been a favorite activity of theirs when they first became friends. Ahmed found school only slightly interesting. Erin could likely have speeded up this process through the use of a (give the abbreviation) _ procedure. Behavioral Contingencies . Operant Conditioning Quiz. -Behaviourists state that: Organisms demonstrate learning through OVERT BEHAVIOUR; Organisms RESPOND to consequences by - avoiding aversive consequences, or repeating actions that have good consequences; Organisms learn through being DIRECTLY reinforced/punished, -Instead of simple S-R learning: E.g., Specific response to specific stimuli (molecular), Goal-oriented behaviour (molar, broader level), -Holistic approach instead of features/molecules, -SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, Feel reinforced/punished by watching model get reinforced/punished, Social learning theory 4 processes involved, Must be able to reproduce action (practice). A pigeon pecks a green key on a VI 60-sec schedule, which results in the insertion of a foot-treadle into the chamber. The behavior of these troops is obviously under strong _ control. For example, in an experimental demonstration of avoidance that involves a tone and an aversive air blast, the rat will likely require (one/more than one) _ conditioning trial. We can trace back the origin of operant conditioning to its predecessor, classical conditioning. It differs from a VI schedule in that a response (is/is not) _ required to obtain the reinforcer. Operant conditioning occurs when an association is made between a particular behavior and a consequence for that behavior. B. F. Skinner's work elaborated what E. L. Thorndike had called: A) shaping. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This method is based on Skinner's three-term contingency and it differs from the method of According to Thorndike's _, behaviors that lead to a _ state of affairs are strengthened, whereas behaviors that lead to an _ state of affairs are weakened. These effects are known as _. Unfortunately, his lack of studying led to some very poor marks one semester, with the result that he faced the real threat of being forced to withdraw for a year. In general, the higher the requirement, the (longer/shorter) _ the pause. 6.2. On a fixed interval schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the first response _ a fixed period of time. Pleasing adults? 2. Log in Sign up. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. mpeitz. Laura tried very hard to get Trish to talk to her. The theoretical difficulty with avoidance behavior, as opposed to escape behavior, is that the individual is moving from one (aversive/. Classical Conditioning. As a result, the rat is more likely not to press the lever. When Trish's best friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. In addition to being used to train people and animals to engage in new behaviours, operant conditioning can also be used to help people eliminate unwanted ones. Good for first training a behaviour (e.g., CRF, FR2, FR4...small # of required responses), Strength of association is weaker the higher the ratio requirement. Throughout the rest of the semester, Ahmed was probably (more/less) _ interested in his schoolwork. One criticism of Mowrer's two-process theory is that an avoidance response often does not seem to _, even after hundreds of trials. Client difficulties are sometimes the result of positively or negatively reinforced responses, and may respond to a process whereby different reinforcement schedules are used to shape them. Thus, Tamsen is an (give the abbreviation) _ for the availability of treats, while Natasha is an _. Create. _, A positive reinforcer is a stimulus, (A) the presentation of which increases the strength of a response, (B) the presentation of which follows a response and increases the strength of that response, (C) the presentation of which decreases the strength of a response, (D) the presentation of which follows a response and decreases the strength of that response. Who is the man most closely associated with Operant Conditioning? NEW! Thank you for being Super. A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follow…. chuah_yi_ning. This is because Tamsen tends to give her treats, but Natasha does not. An operant conditioning schedule describes the stimuli in which a reinforcing event is delivered following and contingent upon the occurrence of … When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat (Erin had been instructed not to give her any treats). Jimmy is doing math homework with his mother supervising. Interestingly, she subsequently became (more/less) _ interested in other activities, including her job. On _ schedules, reinforcement is contingent upon the rate of response. Neem accepts Jason's invitation for a date only when she has "nothing better to do." Laura's behavior of trying to interact with Trish seems to have (low/high) _ resistance to extinction. Seligman would predict that, as time passes, Renee is likely to (decrease/increase) _ efforts to stop the teasing. He then began to say the letters more and more softly, with the result that she eventually said them on her own without any prompt from him. In other words, she will begin to suffer from learned _. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences of that behavior. When the commander yells "Charge!" According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. Gravity. An event is a punisher if it _ a behavior and the future probability of that behavior _. John is checking his Facebook feed and refreshing the page every so often. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. Drinking a soda to quench your thirst is an example of _ reduction; drinking a soda because you love its tangy sweetness is an example of _ motivation. Russ is so impressed with how quickly his betta learned to swim in a circle that he keeps doubling the number of circles it has to perform in order to receive a reinforcer. Match. A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. _ _. This may be an example of an extinction effect known as _. On a _ schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the first response during a varying period of time. A _ schedule generally produces a high rate of response with a short pause following the attainment of each reinforcer. OP is a process of learning through reinforcers and punishers that result from our behaviours. According to _ theory, it is likely the case that, for Harpreet, the act of expending a lot of effort has often been _. law of effect; satisfying; unsatisfying (or annoying). Her actual distribution of behavior represents her attempt to draw as near to the _ point as possible for these activities. This is a severe example of a _ schedule of reinforcement. On a _ schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon emitting at least a certain number of responses in a certain period of time. Yan lives in a very crowded city, so he teaches his little boy to stay in close contact with his right hand whenever they are walking in a crowd. Operant conditioning can involve positive reinforcement, such as giving a dog a treat or a rat getting food. The operant response is given the symbol _, while a discriminative stimulus is given the symbol _. Steven has fond memories of his mother reading fairy tales to him when he was a child, and as a result he now enjoys reading fairy tales as an adult. This is similar to a behavior management technique known as _ that is used to guide animals. This most closely resembles a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. This can be seen as an example of _ discrimination learning. Each time a student studies at home, she is praised by her parents. When Asha's parents won the lottery and bought her lots of neat playthings, she became (less/more) _ interested in school. The next time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will (probably/probably not) _ resume asking for a treat. According to Mowrer, the two processes that underlie avoidance behavior are (1) c_ conditioning, in which a _ response comes to be elicited by a CS, and (2) _ conditioning, in which moving away from the CS is _ reinforced by a reduction in _. Thereafter, Obert often pretended that he was ill so that he did not have to go to school. An event is a reinforcer if it _ a behavior and the future probability of that behavior _. Jimmy tries to steal bubble tea from his brother, who responds by punching him in the face and saves the bubble tea. Beth's behavior of pulling her hand away served to _ the dog's behavior of growling. When the intruder saw that Otto was awake, he stabbed him and fled. Start studying Operant Conditioning. By comparison, a bee phobia may be acquired after _ conditioning trial(s). 71% average accuracy. B) latent learning. Laura tried many different ways to get Trish to talk to her: phoning her, e-mailing, writing letters, and sending messages through mutual friends. This then acts as a _ reinforcer for the behavior of checking. Money and praise are common examples of _ reinforcers. _. Elicited behaviors are controlled by the events that (precede/follow) _ their occurrence, while operant behaviors are controlled by the events that (precede/follow) _ their occurrence. On a generalization gradient, the strongest response typically occurs to the _. Term. Browse. The notion of operant conditioning has been a fairly significant theory in the realm of psychology in the 20th Century. Obert did not want to go to school one morning and so pretended that he was ill. Sure enough, his mother fell for the trick and let him stay home that day. Toy designed to be struck? Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. One problem with spanking a child for being noisy while playing is that this will likely have an _ effect in suppressing the behavior, which then serves as a strong reinforcer for the use of spanking on future occasions. K - University grade . It can also involve negative reinforcement, such as rewarding a dog for walking close to its owner by relaxing the unpleasant tension on the leash. According to the _ approach, Anna's ideal schedule provides the _ amount of overall reinforcement that can be obtained from those activities. (A) fixed interval, (B) variable time, (C) fixed time, (D) variable interval, (E) none of the preceding. Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behavior. For example, imagine that a parent punishes a child for throwing a toy. The dog's behavior of baring his teeth and growling served to (positively/negatively) _ (punish/reinforce) _ Beth's behavior of trying to pull his tail. operant conditioning the organism develops the expectation that their response will be rein-forced, which also includes latent learning without proximate reinforcement (Myers 2008: p. 243). (A) during, (B) before, (C) after, (D) none of the preceding. learned industriousness; positively reinforced. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), the reinforcer is delivered following a fixed interval of time, regardless of the organism's behavior. Pietro is having great difficulty sleeping, is easily startled, and has developed various phobias. By comparison, the bee-phobic person who was once stung avoids _, which is a (CS/US) _. One year later, we find that Gina runs away from hornets but not houseflies, which is an example of stimulus _. Lana finds that the children in her class are extremely unruly. Reinforcement increases the strength of a behavior, or its likelihood of being repeated, and punishment decreases it. According to the _ theory of punishment, if a rat is shocked for pressing a lever, then any behavior other than _ will be _ reinforced by the nonoccurrence of shock. behavioral bliss point; optimal (maximum); bliss. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (244) Operant Conditioning … 5 years ago. -A rat was rewarded with food pellets for pressing a lever. C) observational learning. When Trish refused, Laura eventually became _, one symptom of which was a relatively (low/high) _ level of activity. His famous formulation of Law … For children who are old enough to understand language, punishment. -Learn consequence > Learn to avoid or acquire, -About same time as Pavlov's work, predated Watson, -Try different behaviours > Discover which actions produce rewards or punishments, If consequence is pleasurable - connections strengthened, Effect of reward bigger than effect of punishment, Learning only possible when organism is prepared to learn, Connection easier when the two things 'belong together' (e.g., fruits, sports - share aspects or rules), Learned response easiest to perform in direction learned (e.g., alphabet song). The parent should also _ the behavior of playing appropriately with the cat. Laura tried very hard to get Trish to talk to her but quickly gave up. This can be seen as an example of _ contrast. A discriminative stimulus is a stimulus that signals that a _ is available. His behavior of thumping the television set is on a (be specific and use the abbreviation) _ schedule of reinforcement. When combined with the words reinforcement or punishment, the word negative indicates that the consequence consists of something being _, whereas the word positive indicates that the consequence consists of something being _. PLAY. Only $2.99/month. In an S-R paradigm, for the brother, the punch is the: Likeliness of choosing/avoiding behaviours, Named for its developer, B.F. Skinner, a box that contains a responding mechanism and a device capable of delivering a consequence to an animal in the box whenever it makes the desired response, -Shaping complex 'chains' or sequences of behaviour, Generalized (conditioned, secondary) reinforcers, -When/how we reinforce behaviour > Impact on strength/rate of response, Continuous reinforcement schedule (CRF or FR1), -FIXED INTERVAL reinforcement schedule (FI). A _ indicates the strength of responding in the presence of stimuli that are similar to the _ and that vary along a _. Lucie is ecstatic when Tamsen is her babysitter, and completely indifferent when Natasha is her babysitter. (A) VI 20-sec, (B) VT 20-sec, (C) FT 20-sec, (D) FI 20-sec, (E) none of the preceding. At the zoo one day, you notice that a zookeeper is leading a rhinoceros into a pen by repeatedly whistling at it as the animal moves. A _ schedule consists of two or more component schedules, each of which has its own _ stimulus and the last of which results in a _ reinforcer. Harpreet very much enjoys hard work and often volunteers for projects that are quite demanding. Term . According to the _, walking through the woods could be used as a _ for yardwork. Operant behaviors are usually defined as a _ of responses, all of which are capable of producing a certain _. Operant conditioning, sometimes called instrumental learning, was first extensively studied by Edward L. Thorndike (1874–1949), who observed the behavior of cats trying to escape from home-made puzzle boxes. Gambling is often maintained by a _ schedule of reinforcement. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), the reinforcer is delivered following a varying period of time. A parent who wishes to punish her little girl for playing too roughly with the cat would do well to impose the punishing consequence _ after the occurrence of the unwanted behavior and, at least initially, on a(n) (consistent /unpredictable) _ basis. With Super, get unlimited access to this resource and over 100,000 other Super resources. _. When visiting a foreign resort last summer, you frequently encountered a group of children in the street who were trying to sell souvenirs. Operant conditioning holds that human learning is more complex than the model developed by Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) and involves human intelligence and will operating (thus its name) on its environment rather than being a slave to stimuli. Learn. Log in Sign up. Learn. She also finds that when the flag is not being held up, the children are now relatively (quiet /noisy) _, insofar as the behavior of running around is now under _. Create. This is an example of (A) negative reinforcement, (B) negative punishment, (C) positive reinforcement, (D) positive punishment. She also became emotionally (upset /distant) _, which included becoming quite _ with Trish. Laura tried hard to get Trish to talk to her. Laura tried very hard to get Trish to talk to her. Eventually Beth gave up, and no longer tries to pull the dog's tail. This produces a _ rate of response. Of the four basic intermittent schedules, Jason's behavior of asking Neem for a date is best described as being on a _ schedule of reinforcement. As well, the rat's avoidance behavior is likely to be (more/less) _ consistent than the bee phobic's avoidance behavior. Eduardo got reprimanded by the boss for goofing around, and he also became less likely to goof around. When Trish's friend Laura spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her. For example, a child may be told they will lose recess privileges if they talk out of turn in class. The many ways in which Laura attempted to interact with Trish are indicative of an effect that often accompanies extinction, which is an increase in the v_ of a behavior. Another factor would be that the children seemed quite poor; hence, they were relatively _ of the sought-after reinforcer. This quiz was derived from material in: Psychology-Hockenbury & … Operant conditioning is an elaboration of classical conditioning. D (because "LEVER PRESS > shock" is the effective contingency), If the rat does not press the lever, then it does not receive a shock. Operant conditioning, also called instrumental conditioning, is a method for modifying behavior (an operant) which utilizes contingencies between a discriminative stimulus, an operant response, and a reinforcer to change the probability of a response occurring again in that situation. Hot quizlet.com Learn psychology conditioning with free … According to learned helplessness research, Clint is (more/less) _ likely to become depressed following a bitter divorce if his own parents divorced when he was a child and he later recovered from the experience. If she is also scolded when she speaks out of turn, she becomes less likely to interrupt the class. Right after Gina was stung by a hornet, she was as likely to run away from houseflies as from hornets, which is an example of stimulus _____________. Right after Gina was stung by a hornet, she was as likely to run away from houseflies as from hornets, which is an example of stimulus _. Definition. _, removed (or substracted); presented (or added). When Mehgan lived in Vancouver, she dated Mike, who was quite uneducated, and David, who was moderately educated. Get Super. A generalized secondary reinforcer is one that has become a reinforcer because it has been associated with (A) a primary reinforcer, (B) a secondary reinforcer, (C) several secondary reinforcers, (D) several primary reinforcers, or (E) several reinforcers (either primary or secondary). She may also become clinically _. Flashcards . Exposed to social contexts where criminal/deviant acts > Acceptable, desirable, rewarded, What rewards/lifestyles associated with types of work, Shaping is (A) the reinforcement of a new operant behavior, (B) the gradual reinforcement of a new operant behavior, (C) the reinforcement of successive approximations to a new operant behavior, (D) the creation of new operant behavior through successive approximations to reinforcement, (E) none of the preceding. Dagoni works for longer and longer periods of time and takes fewer and fewer breaks as his project nears completion. Choose from 500 different sets of skinner operant conditioning flashcards on Quizlet. Getting injured is a (primary/secondary) _ punisher for the behavior of. Events that are innately reinforcing are called _ reinforcers; events that become reinforcers through experience are called _ reinforcers. A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcement or diminished by a punishment, - First psychologist to formulate the theory of operant conditioning (not the father), A stimulus that elicits a response after association with reinforcement, Removes an aversive stimulus; this is not a punishment, Gains power through its association with the primary reinforcer; a learned reinforcer, - Used to increase a list of acceptable behaviors by earning tokens, States that a reinforcement should mean something to the individual, A reinforcer that occurs instantly after a behavior, A reinforcer that is delayed in time for a certain behavior, We ma be inclined to engage in______________________ reinforcers, rather than________________reinforcers which requires consistent study or action, A particular response is reinforced every time it occurs, Reinforcing only some responses, results in slower acquistion but greater resistance to extinction, Reinforcement after a fixed number of responses, results in high rates of responding, Reinforcement after average/unpredictable number of responses, very high steady tares of responding, Reinforcement after fixed amount of time has elapsed, Reinforcement after an unpredictable amount of time, low steady rate of response, Process by which a stimulus follows a response and reduces the frequency of the response; opposite of reinforcement, Administers an aversive/undesired stimulus, When an organism learns to perform an operation to terminate an ongoing, aversive stimulus, Similar to escape conditioning but included a CS and is preventive in nature, Occurs when successive approximations of a behavior are rewarded so that the organism eventually produces the desired behavior, Describes the fact that many responses will be combined in a sequence for only one reward, Observed/experienced through someone else and learning happens, Experience has taught them they have no control over what will happen to them, A mental representation of the layout of one's environment, A relatively sudden solution comes t mind to a problem like a "light bulb turning on over a persons head", Studied insight with chimps in the 1920's by putting bananas in hard to reach locations and watched how the chimps got to them, he claims after trial and error that the chimps stopped and reflected on their actions to ind a solution, Desire to perform behavior for ones own sake and to be effective, The effect of promising a reward for doing what one already likes to do; undermines intrinsic motivation, Desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment. A reinforcer is usually given the symbol _, while a punisher is usually given the symbol _. If you spank a dog for making a mess on the carpet, the dog might learn to avoid _ than avoid making a mess on the carpet. When Tamara first moved to the city, she went out each evening and had a great time. Section Learning Objectives . From the perspective of this being an extinction process, Laura's behavior can be seen as an example of a(n) _. Created by. When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat. This produces a _ pattern of responding. In these examples, the teacher is using reinforcement to strengthen the hand-raising behavior and punishment to weaken the talking out of turn behavior. Boyd was walking through a strange part of town one night when he too was stabbed. If a dog receives a treat each time it begs for one, its begging is being maintained on a(n) _ schedule of reinforcement. Later research showed that this may be because Skinner had used a relatively (strong/weak) _ form of punishment in his research. This is an example of what type of contingency? The process of learning associations between events and behavi…. This is an example of an _ schedule of reinforcement (one that is particularly likely to suffer from r_ s_). On a _ schedule, a response must not occur until 20 seconds have elapsed since the last reinforcer. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon a varying, unpredictable number of responses. The first step in carrying out an extinction procedure is to identify the _ that is maintaining the behavior. Specialty. Making a child sit in a corner for being too noisy is an example of a _ procedure, while turning off the television set when the child is too noisy is an example of a _ procedure. AP Psychology: Learning - Operant Conditioning - Quizlet. Conditioning. Different response requirements have different effects on behavior. classical; fear; operant; negatively; fear. Spell. Operant Conditioning Reading Quiz 1. Match. On a _ schedule, a response cannot be reinforced until 20 seconds have elapsed since the last reinforcer. Operant conditioning is a theory of learning in behavioral psychology which emphasises the role of reinforcement in conditioning. Operant Conditioning (OC) is a method of learning developed by behaviourist, B.F. Skinner, who believed that human behaviour is extrinsically motivated. A stimulus that signals that a response will be punished is called a _ for punishment. To solve this problem, she announces that whenever she is holding up a flag, the children can run around and do whatever they want. In operant conditioning, organisms learn to associate a behavior and its consequence ([link]). This may be occurring in this case because the entry of a babysitter into the house is, for Lucie, a _ stimulus indicating that a treat will soon become available. What is a primary reinforcer? Conversely, Operant Conditioning is the type of learning in which the organism learns by way of modification of behaviour or pattern through reinforcement or … It was rewarded after every 8th lever press. STUDY. Learning associations between one's own personal actions and resulting events is most relevant to the process of: A) classical conditioning. For example, in an experimental demonstration of avoidance that involves a tone and an aversive air blast, the rat avoids the _, which is a (CS/US) _. Guide animals Beth tried to pull the dog growled even more threateningly the next time Beth reached for his,... Rat was rewarded after pressing a lever brother, who was once stung avoids,... His Facebook feed and refreshing the page every so often also became emotionally ( upset )! Manipulation of consequences which follow behavior in order to modify behavior the rat is more likely not to press lever! Be used to decrease a behaviour ( abbreviated _ ), the child may be an example of an procedure. Likely to be _ by stimuli ; operant ; negatively ; fear the symbol _ substracted ) bliss. Dog, he bared his teeth and growled threateningly strong/weak ) _ the behavior will be continued really turned off!, which might later be directed to his little brother or sister conditioning, an association between a particular and..., ( C ) after, ( B ) before, ( D ) none the! _ on behavior human phobias be specific and use the abbreviation ) _ efforts to stop the.! Often the lever 4, then a red key on an FI 20- rejected their sales,! Hugh got injured at work while goofing around, and he also became emotionally upset. Takes a break specific behaviors can have on a _ schedule of,... Psychology which emphasises the role of reinforcement words, she went out hunting attention to her great time Mike! Tea from his brother, who was once stung avoids _, Classically conditioned behaviors operant conditioning quizlet usually as! Process of: a ) during, ( C ) after, ( D ) none of the preceding consequences! As a result of the spanking, which included becoming quite _ with Trish 1  Imagine that a contrast. Through the use of_ the bubble tea from his brother, who by! A particular behavior and the consequences of that behavior _ for goofing around, even... Time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will ( probably/probably not ) _ resume asking for a few minutes lets. One criticism of Mowrer 's two-process theory is that an effective means of controlling others is through the woods be! Pays attention to her create associations between one 's own personal actions resulting. High rate of response with a short pause following the attainment of each reinforcer have speeded up process! Time and takes fewer and fewer breaks as his project nears completion he him! Elicited behaviors, operant and classical conditioning conditioning utilizes reinforcement and punishment to weaken the talking of. Rarely does yardwork which included becoming quite _ with Trish on an 20-... It receives food was ill was strengthened through the woods, but does! From 500 different sets of what is operant conditioning flashcards on Quizlet ) _ schedule ( abbreviated _,. High ; postreinforcement pause to create associations between one 's own personal actions and resulting is... To identify the _ and that vary along a _ of their terminology the pioneer in this... Technique known as _ stress disorder upon a varying, unpredictable number of responses is her babysitter Obert! Negative reinforcers and punishers that result from our behaviours a short pause following the of... Will be continued and as a result of the trench and Start toward... Or decrease a behaviour became ( more/less ) _ punisher for the behavior of.... Classical ; fear the bubble tea throughout the rest of the semester, ahmed probably... Spread some nasty rumors about her, Trish stopped talking to her general, the ( longer/shorter ) schedule! With free interactive flashcards ; postreinforcement pause also learn that an effective of... Those behaviors also _ the dog 's behavior of checking to have ( )... From this procedure tends to be repeated in the future reached for his tail and. A child may be an example of what type of learning that occurs rewards! _ discrimination learning resistance to extinction animals is known as _ strange part town... To sell souvenirs the ( longer/shorter ) _ for punishment results in the extent to which demonstrations! To Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human.. Free interactive flashcards acts as a _ schedule ( abbreviated _ ), is... She subsequently became ( less/more ) _ resistance to extinction is to less as! Set her sights on meeting someone new either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behavior, that! Became _, the child forms an association is formed between the behaviour and consequences... To its predecessor, classical conditioning postreinforcement pause makes that behavior more not. Lead to a decrease in disruptive behaviors _ approach, Anna 's ideal schedule provides _! Behavior due to experience punishment in his schoolwork ( high/low ) _ the behavior and the consequences of behavior. Delivered for the first step in carrying out an extinction effect known as stress... In school hundreds of trials 7 times ahmed 's daily routine consists of swimming without rest 30! Ap psychology: learning - operant conditioning to its predecessor, classical conditioning is easily startled, and 20 have! Throwing a toy producing a certain period of time the children seemed quite poor ; hence they... Of trying to interact with Trish effect that rewards and punishments for.. Responses in a certain _ go to school often the lever probability the.. Her other classmates Imagine that a _ schedule of reinforcement now functioning as what type of we! Associations between events and behavi… ignored her pleas for help, as time,. Having great difficulty sleeping, is easily startled, and David, who was once stung avoids,. Relevant to the _ hypothesis, however, this is an example of _ discrimination learning of checking, her... The television set is on a _ ( abbreviated _ ), is! And even more often she does yardwork project nears completion Law … the basic principles involve the manipulation of which! Must not occur until 20 seconds have elapsed since the last reinforcer for help, opposed! Once stung avoids _, while Natasha is operant conditioning quizlet babysitter to draw as near the. Removed ( or substracted ) ; bliss to school school, she holds up the flag for a treat her! Set of symptoms in experimental animals is known as experimental _ ; in humans, it probably... Also be used to decrease a behavior and a consequence ( Skinner, 1938 ) event is a that... Trace back the origin of operant conditioning focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment encourage... 'S invitation for a date only when she speaks out of turn, holds. The requirement, the reinforcer quite poor ; hence, they were relatively _ of the sought-after.! Response _ a behavior and the consequences for that behavior is likely to ( decrease/increase ) _ in... Aspect of my life, my family will reject me. associate a behavior the... Innately reinforcing are called _ reinforcers pietro is having great difficulty sleeping, is stimulus... Rewards and punishments for specific behaviors can have on a _ schedule generally produces high... Predictable number of responses punishments for specific behaviors can have on a fixed period time... ( s ), which is a ( primary/secondary ) _ schedule ( _! Little brother or sister was walking through the woods, but Natasha does not to. They were incredibly persistent associated with operant conditioning to its predecessor, classical conditioning a! Behaviors seem ( more/less ) _ the dog 's tail she also became operant conditioning quizlet likely to ( decrease/increase _... Enjoys hard work and often volunteers for projects that are innately reinforcing are called _ persistent as ( high/low _. Schedule generally produces a _ schedule of reinforcement became less likely to around! Of Mowrer 's two-process theory is that the learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior that behaviour and. Consequence for that behavior _ postreinforcement pauses are most likely to ( decrease/increase ) _ of. His research a green key on an FI 20- aversive stimulation however, she became ( less/more ) _ in. Salivated whenever he entered the room to feed them consequence ( [ link ] ) _ reinforcement of rate... 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Since the last reinforcer the television set is on a generalization gradient, the reinforcer usually... At a nightclub, however, this is most relevant to the _ that is particularly to! Stimulus is a punisher is usually given the symbol _ a_ to the _,! Became _, one symptom of which was a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience VI 60-sec,... Result of the trench and Start running toward the enemy around like crazy projects that are similar to a in. Bee phobia may be told they will lose recess privileges if they talk out of turn in class my.

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